If you had gestational diabetes during pregnancy, you can take steps to prevent developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Regular screening tests are important. If you had GDM during your pregnancy, you should be tested for diabetes 6 to 12 months after your baby is born. If your blood glucose level is higher than normal but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes, you may have prediabetes and should be tested every year. Otherwise, plan to be tested every 3 years.
Reach and maintain a healthy weight. Try to reach your prepregnancy weight within 6 to 12 months after your baby is born. If this goal seems overwhelming, work towards losing 5-7% of your body weight and keeping it off. For example, if you weigh 200 pounds, losing 10 to 14 pounds can help reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Healthy eating habits will benefit you and your family. Choose low calorie foods that are low in fat and sodium. Incorporate fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein into your meals.
Be active. Physical activity is crucial for staying healthy and preventing type 2 diabetes. Set a goal to be active for 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week, or 150 minutes per week. Activities include brisk walking, jogging, biking, dancing, and swimming.