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Here are the facts

CKD is more common in non-Hispanic Black adults (16%) than in non-Hispanic White adults (13%) or non-Hispanic Asian adults (13%). About 14% of Hispanic adults have CKD.

CKD is more common in people aged 65 years or older (38%) than in people aged 45–64 years (12%) or 18–44 years (6%).

CKD is slightly more common in women (14%) than men (12%).

(Ref. CDC’s Chronic Kidney Disease in the US, 2021)


While Blacks/African Americans make up about 13% of the population, they account for 35% of the people with kidney failure in the United States.

A growing number of Hispanics are diagnosed with kidney disease each year — since 2000, the number of Hispanics with kidney failure has increased by more than 70%.

Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure among American Indians.

(Ref. NKF’s Social Determinants of Kidney Disease)


There are disparities between Blacks and Whites at every step along the transplant process. Blacks are less likely to:

  • Be identified as transplant candidates
  • Be referred for a transplant evaluation
  • Complete the evaluation
  • Be placed on the waiting list
  • Black patients wait longer on the transplant list
  • Blacks are more likely to receive expanded criteria donor kidneys
  • Blacks are less likely to receive a kidney from a living donor
  • Black patients have poorer graft survival outcomes than white patients

Learn More about NKFM's Programs

Better Choices, Better Health®

Better Choices, Better Health® is a 6-week small group workshop offered on a dedicated website to help people living with chronic conditions to manage them better.

Cooking Matters at the Store

Cooking Matters at the Store is a free program of the No Kid Hungry campaign that empowers families to stretch their food budgets so their children get healthy meals at home.


PATH helps people better manage their long-term health conditions by learning strategies to deal with pain, fatigue, difficult emotions, and more.

  1. Nicholas SB, Kalantar-Zadeh K, Norris KC. Racial disparities in kidney disease outcomes. Semin Nephrol. 2013;33(5):409-415.
  2. United States Census Bureau. (2021). QuickFacts Michigan. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/MI
  3. United States Renal Data System, 2018 Annual Data Report: Epidemiology of Kidney Disease in the United States. National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, MD, 20892. https://www.usrds.org/render/xquery_result.phtml. Accessed September 27, 2020
  4. Based on OPTN data as of September 16, 2020. https://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov. This work was supported in part by Health Resources and Services Administration contract 234-2005-37011C. The content is the responsibility of the authors alone and does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
  5. Norton et al., 2016 2 Norton JM, Moxey-Mims MM, Eggers PW, et al. Social Determinants of Racial Disparities in CKD. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2016;27(9):2576-2595.
  6. Nicholas et al., 2015 3 Nicholas SB, Kalantar-Zadeh K, Norris KC. Socioeconomic disparities in chronic kidney disease. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2015;22(1):6-15.