Hypertension

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About High Blood Pressure:

Blood pressure is the force of blood against your artery walls as it circulates through your body. Blood pressure normally rises and falls throughout the day, but it can cause health problems if it stays high for a long time. Having high blood pressure raises your risk for heart disease and stroke, leading causes of death in the United States.

High blood pressure is called the "silent killer" because many people don't realize they have it. High blood pressure often has no warning signs or symptoms.

 

Blood Pressure Signs and Symptoms:

High blood pressure is called the "silent killer" because many people don't realize they have it. High blood pressure often has no warning signs or symptoms.

The only way to detect whether or not you have high blood pressure is to have your blood pressure measured by a doctor or health professional—it is quick and painless.


Facts and Risk Factors:

  • Having high blood pressure puts you at risk for heart disease and stroke, leading causes of death in the United States.
  • People of all ages and backgrounds can develop high blood pressure, and it's mostly preventable.
  • About 1 in 3 U.S. adults—an estimated 68 million—has high blood pressure.
  • High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease, stroke, congestive heart failure, and kidney disease.
  • High blood pressure was listed as a primary or contributing cause of death for more than 347,000 Americans in 2008.
  • In 2010, high blood pressure was projected to cost the United States $93.5 billion in health care services, medications, and missed days of work.
  • About 1 in 2 U.S. adults with high blood pressure has it under control.
  • Almost 30% of American adults have prehypertension—blood pressure numbers that are higher than normal, but not yet in the high blood pressure range.
  • Prehypertension raises your risk for high blood pressure.
     

Resources:

Centers for Disease Control
cdc.gov

Michigan Department of Community Health
michigan.gov/mdch

Hypertension Core Curriculum

NKFM's Facts about High Blood Pressure and Chronic Kidney Disease